Precisions of localization are a function of the size of an array. A kind of parasitoid fly, Ormia ochracea, performs an extraordinary directional hearing ability despite its tiny-scaled auditory organ. In this paper, vibration modes and transfer functions of the Ormia ochracea's ear model were calculated, and the phase difference amplification in responses are analyzed to investigate the directional hearing mechanism. A novel three-element bionic model is proposed for spatial sound source localization for small distance-wavelength ratios. The amplification of the phase difference of this model is verified. In order to realize the bionic localization model, based on electric-mechanic analogy method, a system that consists of a triangular acoustic array and a bionic coupling circuit is designed and tested. Frequency responses of the circuit output, as a means of transfer function of the system, are taken into estimation of the source directions. The result has shown that this circuit design has better performance in estimating the direction of sound sources compared to the uncoupled array with same size.

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