An array of cantilevers offers an alternative approach to standard single beam measurement in the context of atomic force microscopy (AFM). In comparison to a single beam, a multi-degrees-of-freedom system offers a greater level of flexibility with regard to parameter selection and tuning. By utilizing changes in the system eigenmodes as a feedback signal, it is possible to enhance the sensitivity of AFM to changes in sample topography above what is achievable with standard single beam techniques. In this paper, we analyze a two-beam array operated in FM-AFM mode. The array consists of a single active cantilever that is excited with a 90 deg phase-shifted signal and interacts with the sample surface. The active beam is mechanically coupled to a passive beam, which acts to vary the response between synchronized and unsynchronized behavior. We use a recently developed mathematical model of the coupled cantilever array subjected to nonlinear tip forces to simulate the response of the described system with different levels of coupling. We show that the sensitivity of the frequency feedback signal can be increased significantly in comparison to the frequency feedback from a single beam. This is a novel application for an AFM array that is not present in the literature.
Utilization of a Two-Beam Cantilever Array for Enhanced Atomic Force Microscopy Sensitivity
University of Canterbury,
Ilam 8041, Christchurch, New Zealand
Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received May 2, 2017; final manuscript received December 9, 2017; published online February 23, 2018. Assoc. Editor: John Judge.
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Jackson, S., and Gutschmidt, S. (February 23, 2018). "Utilization of a Two-Beam Cantilever Array for Enhanced Atomic Force Microscopy Sensitivity." ASME. J. Vib. Acoust. August 2018; 140(4): 041004. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4038943
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