The severe vibration induced by surge and rotating stall is an obstacle to the stability of a magnetically suspended centrifugal compressor (MSCC). In order to suppress the severe vibration caused by surge instability, this paper focuses on compressor surge performance improvements enabled by power amplifier control improvements which result in increased dynamic load capacity (DLC) of the systems axial thrust magnetic bearing. A complete discrete-time model of the active magnetic bearing (AMB) power amplifier, composed of three piecewise linear intervals, is developed. A comprehensive view of the dynamic evolution process from stable state to bifurcation for the power amplifier is also analyzed. In order to stabilize the unstable periodic orbits in the power amplifier, a time-delay feedback control (TDFC) method is introduced to enhance the stability of the power amplifier, while the MSCC is subjected to the surge instability. Simulation results show that the stable region of the power amplifier is extended significantly using the TDFC method. Finally, the experimental investigations performed by an MSCC test rig demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed solution under the conditions of modified surge and mild surge.

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