The finite element (FE) method offers an efficient framework to investigate the evolution of phononic crystals which possess materials or geometric nonlinearity subject to external loading. Despite its superior efficiency, the FE method suffers from spectral distortions in the dispersion analysis of waves perpendicular to the layers in infinitely periodic multilayered composites. In this study, the analytical dispersion relation for sagittal elastic waves is reformulated in a substantially concise form, and it is employed to reproduce spatial aliasing-induced spectral distortions in FE dispersion relations. Furthermore, through an anti-aliasing condition and the effective elastic modulus theory, an FE modeling general guideline is provided to overcome the observed spectral distortions in FE dispersion relations of infinitely periodic multilayered composites, and its validity is also demonstrated.

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