The paper presents the experimental unbalance response of two slightly different rigid rotors supported by aerodynamic foil bearings. Impulse (Pelton) turbines manufactured directly in the mass of the rotors (on the outer surface) entrain both rotors at rotation speeds comprised between 50 krpm and 100 krpm. The displacements in the two foil bearings are measured during coast down and are depicted as waterfall plots. They show typical nonlinear behavior, i.e., subsynchronous vibrations accompanying the synchronous component. The measurements clearly show that the subsynchronous components bifurcate or jump at typical rotation speeds (mostly rational fractions of the rotation speed). The nonlinear behavior of the rigid rotor supported on foil bearings is also emphasized by varying the added unbalance: with increasing unbalance the vibration spectrum becomes gradually more diverse as new subsynchronous vibrations appear. The experimental results are compared with very simplified theoretical predictions based on the assumption that the air film in the two bearings is infinitely stiff compared to the foil structure. The latter is characterized by a cubic stiffness and a structural damping coefficient. The comparisons show only a rough qualitative agreement.
Experimental Analysis of the Unbalance Response of Rigid Rotors Supported on Aerodynamic Foil Bearings
Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received November 21, 2014; final manuscript received June 11, 2015; published online October 6, 2015. Assoc. Editor: John Yu.
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Balducchi, F., Arghir, M., and Gauthier, R. (October 6, 2015). "Experimental Analysis of the Unbalance Response of Rigid Rotors Supported on Aerodynamic Foil Bearings." ASME. J. Vib. Acoust. December 2015; 137(6): 061014. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031409
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