The adaptation of engineered structures and systems to suit the working environment has historical precedents dating to da Vinci's sketches of regulating pumps and balancing devices [1]. Systems that respond to changing operating conditions in order to maintain their working effectiveness are simply more robust than static or passive counterparts. As a result, the study and development of adaptive structures have led to higher performance, safer, and energy-efficient systems that have found successful application throughout the engineering disciplines. Because adaptive dynamic structures have numerous analogues in the natural world [2], cross-disciplinary investigations have flourished, bringing experts together from engineering fields with those in the biological, physical, and chemical sciences.

The development of adaptive dynamic systems has been a focal point of recent research efforts, leveraging a valuable integration of theoretical and experimental investigations. In these studies, the means to tailor the...

References

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