A model-based algorithm has been developed, in order to locate and quantify the size of a crack, based on free vibration measurements of a cracked beam. Measured natural frequencies (at least two) and corresponding mode shapes of the cracked beam are used in the identification algorithm. The Euler–Bernoulli beam theory is used to model the beam. The crack of the beam is modeled through standard five crack flexibility coefficients, by considering bending effects only. Damping is assumed to be Rayleigh’s damping. The finite element method is used in the simulation of the cracked beam. The present algorithm is iterative in nature and the iterations are carried out until the estimated and assumed crack depth ratios (as well as its location) become close up to the desired accuracy. The applicability of the algorithm has been tested through numerical examples and is found to be adequate even in the presence of the measurement noise in modes shapes and measurement errors in natural frequencies.

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