In the paper presented here three peculiar cases of rotor instability are presented. The first is a tilting-pad bearing used as an intershaft bearing in a two-spool gas turbine. It was initially chosen for its good stability properties. However, in a deeper study it was found that those benefits are greatly reduced when both inner shaft and outer bearing are rotating. The second case comprises a turbine which showed a very strange performance with vibrations alternating between heavy and mild amplitudes. The periods were a couple of minutes long. After a more elaborate instrumentation was installed it was found that vibrations were synchronous and that the rotor experienced continuous changes of vibrations interrupted by sudden changes of amplitude. This revealed that nonlinearity and thermal effects coupled to the rotor vibrations must be incorporated to understand the behavior. Many hypotheses were tested and the one coming closest to explaining the case was one incorporating thermal bending caused by heat conduction through an annulus partly filled with oil. The third case is a simple one of more pure curiosity, where a rotor was provided with a substantial amount of inner damping, and just according to the school book showed dynamic instability.
Some Unusual Cases of Rotor Instability
Contributed by the Technical Committee on Vibration and Sound for publication in the Jørgen Lund Special Issue of the JOURNAL OF VIBRATION AND ACOUSTICS. Manuscript received June 2003. Guest Associate Editor: R. Gordon Kirk.
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Olsson, K. (October 8, 2003). "Some Unusual Cases of Rotor Instability ." ASME. J. Vib. Acoust. October 2003; 125(4): 477–481. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1606692
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