A theoretical approach to study breathing vibrations of cylindrical shells with horizontal axis, partially filled with liquid, is delineated and the results of some modal tests conducted on an industrially-manufactured tank are presented and discussed. The good agreement between theoretical and experimental results is preliminarily verified in the case of both an empty and completely full shell, in order to confirm that it is possible to apply the theoretical approach to real structures. The modal properties of a partially-filled shell as a function of liquid level are then experimentally studied, the mode shapes are compared using the Modal Assurance Criterium and a qualitative explanation of the dynamic behavior is proposed.

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