The governing equation of acoustic wave propagation in a circular expansion chamber with mean flow and temperature gradient is solved. The circular chamber is divided into N segments and the flow speed and temperature are assumed to be constant in each segment. The solution is obtained in recursive form by applying the matching condition on the boundary of adjacent elements. The solution is verified by comparing it with the experimental results. The results demonstrate that the present theory can well predict the transmission loss of an expansion chamber which has offset, a twisting angle, mean flow, and temperature gradient.

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