It is common to assume identical allowable safety factors in static strength [m], defined by mean stress (Sm), and in fatigue [a], defined by stress amplitude (Sa), in order to find the full safety factor (F) under asymmetrical cycles, or to plot any type of the Sm–Sa diagram of allowable stresses. Here additional modification is considered to generalize expression of the full factor of safety in fatigue under asymmetrical stresses, utilizing unequal allowable safety factors in static strength (by mean stress) and in fatigue (by stress amplitude): ([a] ≠ [m]). We assume that loading is stationary, and cumulated number of cycles is large enough to consider high cycle fatigue.

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