Abstract

We summarise the results of a computational study involved with Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) in a benchmark turbulent burner flame simulation. UQ analysis of this simulation enables one to analyse the convergence performance of one of the most widely-used uncertainty propagation techniques, Polynomial Chaos Expansion (PCE) at varying levels of system smoothness. This is possible because in the burner flame simulations, the smoothness of the time-dependent temperature, which is the study's QoI is found to evolve with the flame development state. This analysis is deemed important as it is known that PCE cannot accurately surrogate non-smooth QoIs and thus perform convergent UQ. While this restriction is known and gets accounted for, there is no understanding whether there is a quantifiable scaling relationship between the PCE's convergence metrics and the level of QoI's smoothness. It is found that the level of QoI-smoothness can be quantified by its standard deviation allowing to observe the effect of QoI's level of smoothness on the PCE's convergence performance. It is found that for our flow scenario, there exists a power-law relationship between a comparative parameter, defined to measure the PCE's convergence performance relative to Monte Carlo sampling, and the QoI's standard deviation, which allows us to make a more weighted decision on the choice of the uncertainty propagation technique.

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