Current computational capabilities facilitate the application of finite element analysis (FEA) to three-dimensional geometries to determine peak stresses. The three-dimensional stress concentrations so quantified are useful in practice provided the discretization error attending their determination with finite elements has been sufficiently controlled. Here, we provide some convergence checks and companion a posteriori error estimates that can be used to verify such three-dimensional FEA, and thus enable engineers to control discretization errors. These checks are designed to promote conservative error estimation. They are applied to twelve three-dimensional test problems that have exact solutions for their peak stresses. Error levels in the FEA of these peak stresses are classified in accordance with: 1–5%, satisfactory; 1/5–1%, good; and <1/5%, excellent. The present convergence checks result in 111 error assessments for the test problems. For these 111, errors are assessed as being at the same level as true exact errors on 99 occasions, one level worse for the other 12. Hence, stress error estimation that is largely reasonably accurate (89%), and otherwise modestly conservative (11%).
Effective Convergence Checks for Verifying Finite Element Stresses at Three-Dimensional Stress Concentrations
Manuscript received July 5, 2018; final manuscript received January 10, 2019; published online February 8, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Jeffrey E. Bischoff.
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Beisheim, J. R., Sinclair, G. B., and Roache, P. J. (February 8, 2019). "Effective Convergence Checks for Verifying Finite Element Stresses at Three-Dimensional Stress Concentrations." ASME. J. Verif. Valid. Uncert. September 2018; 3(3): 034501. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042515
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