Abstract

A common objective in the analysis of turbomachinery components (nozzle guide vanes or rotor blades, for example) is to calculate performance parameters, such as total pressure or kinetic energy loss coefficients, from measurements in a non-uniform flow-field. These performance parameters can be represented in a range of ways. For example: line-averages used to compare performance between different radial sections of a 3D component; plane-averages used to assess flow (perhaps loss coefficient) development between different axial planes; and fully mixed-out values used to determine the total loss associated with a component. In this paper, we compare a range of methods for calculating aerodynamic performance parameters including plane-average methods with different weighting schemes and several mixed-out methods. We analyse the sensitivities of the different methods to the axial location of the measurement plane, the radial averaging range, and the exit Mach number. We use high-fidelity experimental data taken in several axial planes downstream of a cascade of engine parts: high pressure (HP) turbine nozzle guide vanes (NGVs) operating at transonic Mach number. The experimental data is complemented by CFD. We discuss the underlying physical mechanisms which give rise to the observed sensitivities. The objective is to provide guidance on the accuracy of each method in a relevant, practical application.

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