Blade flutter in the last stage is an important design consideration for the manufacturers of steam turbines. Therefore, the accurate prediction method for blade flutter is critical. Since the majority of aerodynamic work contributing to flutter is done near the blade tip, resolving the tip leakage flow can increase the accuracy of flutter predictions. The previous research has shown that the induced vortices in the tip region can have a significant influence on the flow field near the tip. The structure of induced vortices due to the tip leakage vortex cannot be resolved by unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (URANS) simulations because of the high dissipation in turbulence models. To the best of author’s knowledge, the influence of induced vortices on flutter characteristics has not been investigated. In this paper, the results of detached-eddy simulation (DES) and URANS flutter simulations of a realistic-scale last-stage steam turbine are presented, and the influence of induced vortices on the flutter stability has been investigated. Significant differences for the predicted aerodynamic work coefficient distribution on the blade surface, especially on the rear half of the blade suction side near the tip, are observed. At the least stable interblade phase angle (IBPA), the induced vortices show a destabilizing effect on the blade aeroelastic stability. The motion of induced vortices during blade oscillation is dependent on the blade amplitude, and hence, the aerodynamic damping is also dependent on the blade vibration amplitude. In conclusion, the induced vortices can influence the predicted flutter characteristics of the steam turbine test case.
Detached-Eddy Simulation Applied to Aeroelastic Stability Analysis in a Last-Stage Steam Turbine Blade
100 44 Stockholm,
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the Journal of Turbomachinery. Manuscript received October 1, 2018; final manuscript received March 30, 2019; published online May 29, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Rakesh Srivastava.
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Sun, T., Petrie-Repar, P., Vogt, D. M., and Hou, A. (May 29, 2019). "Detached-Eddy Simulation Applied to Aeroelastic Stability Analysis in a Last-Stage Steam Turbine Blade." ASME. J. Turbomach. September 2019; 141(9): 091002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043407
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