The aim of this paper is to introduce design modifications that can be made to improve the flutter stability of a fan blade. A rig fan blade, which suffered flutter in the part-speed range and for which good quality measured data in terms of steady flow and flutter boundary is available, is used for this purpose. The work is carried out numerically using the aeroelasticity code AU3D. Two different approaches are explored: aerodynamic modifications and aero-acoustic modifications. In the first approach, the blade is stabilized by altering the radial distribution of the stagger angle based on the steady flow on the blade. The re-staggering patterns used in this work are therefore particular to the fan blade under investigation. Moreover, the modifications made to the blade are very simple and crude, and more sophisticated methods and/or an optimization approach could be used to achieve the above objectives with a more viable final design. This paper, however, clearly demonstrates how modifying the steady blade aerodynamics can prevent flutter. In the second approach, flutter is removed by drawing bleed air from the casing above the tip of the blade. Only a small amount of bleed (0.2% of the total inlet flow) is extracted such that the effect on the operating point of the fan is small. The purpose of the bleed is merely to attenuate the pressure wave that propagates from the trailing edge to the leading edge of the blade. The results show that extracting bleed over the tip of the fan blade can improve the flutter margin of the fan significantly.
Improving the Flutter Margin of an Unstable Fan Blade
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the Journal of Turbomachinery. Manuscript received November 18, 2018; final manuscript received December 23, 2018; published online February 22, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Kenneth Hall.
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Stapelfeldt, S., and Vahdati, M. (February 22, 2019). "Improving the Flutter Margin of an Unstable Fan Blade." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2019; 141(7): 071006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042645
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