Rotor blade vibrations observed in the Darmstadt transonic compressor rig are investigated in this paper. The vibrations are nonsynchronous and occur in the near stall (NS) operating region. Rotor tip flow fluctuations traveling near the leading edge (LE) against the direction of rotation (in the rotor relative frame of reference) with about 50% blade tip speed are found to be the reason for the occurrence of the vibrations. The investigations show that the blockage at the rotor tip is an important factor for the aeroelastic stability of the compressor in the NS region. It is found that by application of a recirculating tip injection (TI) casing treatment, the aeroelastic stability increases as a result of reduced blockage in the rotor tip region.

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