In modern turbomachinery blade design, nonradial stacking of the profiles is often assumed to be one of the ways to improve the performance of a machine. Instead of stacking the profiles radially, the stacking line is changed by several modifications such as sweep, dihedral, lean, or a combination of these. Nonradial stacking influences secondary flows that have effects on the aerodynamic parameters such as efficiency, pressure rise, blade loading, and stall margin. However, many of the studies in literature are limited by the comparison of two or three cases. This situation leads to conflicting results because a modification may cause a positive effect in one study while in another one, the same modification may have a negative effect. In this study, a modified free vortex axial fan (named as base fan (BF) for this study) is designed first and the profiles of the blades are stacked radially by joining the centroids of the profiles. Second, 45 deg, 30 deg forward sweep (FS) and backward sweep (BS) modifications are applied. The effects of these modifications on aerodynamic performance of the fans are investigated by means of numerical calculations. The results show that FS and BS do not significantly affect the overall performance of the fan at the design flowrate in spite of the occurring modifications of the local blade pressure distribution. However, at low flowrates, FS and BS have positive and negative effects on the fan performance, respectively.

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