Rotating and stationary orifices are used within the secondary air system to transport sealing/cooling air to its consumers. This paper reports on measurements of the discharge coefficient of rotating radial holes since their aerodynamical behavior is different from that of axial or stationary holes due to the presence of centrifugal and Coriolis forces. A test rig containing two independently rotating shafts was designed in order to investigate the flow phenomena and the discharge behavior of these orifices. The required air mass flow is delivered by a screw compressor and can be independently regulated to supply the inner and outer annular passages of the test rig. It allows for measurements of the discharge coefficient with cross flow and co- and counter-rotating shafts with centrifugal and centripetal flow through the rotating holes. On the outer shaft, absolute and differential pressures and temperatures in the rotating frame of reference are measured via a telemetry system. Measurements of the discharge coefficient for sharp-edged and rounded shaft inserts at a variety of different flow conditions and with swirl added to the air upstream of the orifice are presented. Furthermore, experiments were conducted to quantify the influence of the inner shaft (nonrotating and rotating) on the discharge behavior of orifices in the outer shaft. To complement the data acquired from the experiments and to obtain a better understanding of the flow field near the rotating holes numerical flow simulations were also performed.
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Flow Field at Radial Holes in High-Speed Rotating Shafts
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received October 18, 2013; final manuscript received November 5, 2013; published online January 31, 2014. Editor: Ronald Bunker.
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Sousek, J., Riedmüller, D., and Pfitzner, M. (January 31, 2014). "Experimental and Numerical Investigation of the Flow Field at Radial Holes in High-Speed Rotating Shafts." ASME. J. Turbomach. August 2014; 136(8): 081009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4026121
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