Efforts to reduce blade count and avoid boundary layer separation have led to low-pressure turbine airfoils with significant increases in loading as well as front-loaded pressure distributions. These features have been independently shown to increase losses within the secondary flow field at the end wall. Compound angle blowing from discrete jets on the blade suction surface near the end wall has been shown to be effective in reducing these increased losses and enabling the efficient use of highly loaded blade designs. In this study, experiments are performed on the front loaded L2F low-pressure turbine airfoil in a linear cascade. The required mass flow is reduced by decreasing the hole count from previous configurations and from the introduction of unsteady blowing. The effects of pulsing frequency and duty cycle are investigated using phase-locked stereo particle image velocimetry to demonstrate the large scale movement and hysteresis behavior of the passage vortex interacting with the pulsed jets. Total pressure loss contours at the cascade outlet demonstrate that the efficiency benefit is maintained with the use of unsteady forcing.
Parametric Optimization of Unsteady End Wall Blowing on a Highly Loaded Low-Pressure Turbine
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received October 11, 2013; final manuscript received November 26, 2013; published online January 2, 2014. Editor: Ronald Bunker.
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Benton, S. I., Bernardini, C., Bons, J. P., and Sondergaard, R. (January 2, 2014). "Parametric Optimization of Unsteady End Wall Blowing on a Highly Loaded Low-Pressure Turbine." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2014; 136(7): 071013. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4026127
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