Surface curvature is known to have significant effects on film cooling performance, with convex curvature inducing increased film effectiveness and concave curvature causing decreased film effectiveness. Generally, these curvature effects have been presumed to scale with 2r/d at the film cooling hole location, where r is the radius of curvature and d is coolant hole diameter. In this study, the validity of this scaling of curvature effects are examined by performing experiments in regions of large and low curvature on a model vane. Single rows of cylindrical holes were placed at various locations along the high curvature section of the suction side of the vane. For the first series of experiments, a single row of holes was placed at two locations with different local surface curvature. The coolant hole diameters were then adjusted to match 2r/d values. Results from these experiments showed that there was better correspondence of film performance when using the 2r/d scaling, but there was not an exact matching of performance. A second series of experiments focused on evaluating the effects of curvature downstream of the coolant holes. One row of holes was placed at a position upstream of the highest curvature, while another row was placed at a downstream position such that the radius of curvature was equivalent for the two rows of holes. Results indicated that the local radius of curvature is not sufficient in understanding the performance of film cooling. Instead, the curvature envelope downstream of the coolant holes plays a significant role on the performance of film cooling for cylindrical holes.
Convex Curvature Effects on Film Cooling Adiabatic Effectiveness
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received July 22, 2013; final manuscript received August 22, 2013; published online November 28, 2013. Editor: Ronald Bunker.
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Winka, J. R., Anderson, J. B., Boyd, E. J., Bogard, D. G., and Crawford, M. E. (November 28, 2013). "Convex Curvature Effects on Film Cooling Adiabatic Effectiveness." ASME. J. Turbomach. June 2014; 136(6): 061015. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025691
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