The mechanism of separation control by sound excitation is investigated on the aft-loaded low-pressure turbine (LPT) blade profile, the L1A, which experiences a large boundary layer separation at low Reynolds numbers. Previous work by the authors has shown that on a laminar separation bubble such as that experienced by the front-loaded L2F profile, sound excitation control has its best performance at the most unstable frequency of the shear layer due to the exploitation of the linear instability mechanism. The different loading distribution on the L1A increases the distance of the separated shear layer from the wall and the exploitation of the same linear mechanism is no longer effective in these conditions. However, significant control authority is found in the range of the first subharmonic of the natural unstable frequency. The amplitude of forced excitation required for significant wake loss reduction is higher than that needed when exploiting linear instability, but unlike the latter case, no threshold amplitude is found. The fluid-dynamics mechanisms under these conditions are investigated by particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements. Phase-locked PIV data gives insight into the growth and development of structures as they are shed from the shear layer and merge to lock into the excited frequency. Unlike near-wall laminar separation sound control, it is found that when such large separated shear layers occur, sound excitation at subharmonics of the fundamental frequency is still effective with high-Tu levels.
Exploitation of Subharmonics for Separated Shear Layer Control on a High-Lift Low-Pressure Turbine Using Acoustic Forcing
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received July 9, 2013; final manuscript received August 8, 2013; published online October 24, 2013. Editor: Ronald Bunker.
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Bernardini, C., Benton, S. I., Chen, J., and Bons, J. P. (October 24, 2013). "Exploitation of Subharmonics for Separated Shear Layer Control on a High-Lift Low-Pressure Turbine Using Acoustic Forcing." ASME. J. Turbomach. May 2014; 136(5): 051018. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025586
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