An unsteady Navier–Stokes solution system for aeromechanical analysis of multiple blade row configurations is presented. A distinctive feature of the solver is that unified numerical methods and boundary condition treatments are consistently used for both a nonlinear time-domain solution mode and a frequency-domain one. This not only enables a wider range of physical aeromechanical problems to be tackled, but also provides a consistent basis for validating different computational models, identifying and understanding their relative merits and adequate working ranges. An emphasis of the present work is on a highly efficient frequency-domain method for multirow aeromechanical analysis. With a new interface treatment, propagations and reflections of pressure waves between adjacent blade rows are modeled within a domain consisting of only a single passage in each blade row. The computational model and methods are firstly described. Then, extensive validations of the frequency-domain method against both experimental data and the nonlinear time-domain solutions are described. Finally, the computational analysis and demonstration of the intrarow reflection effects on the rotor aerodynamic damping are presented.

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