Numerical simulations of turbine rim seal experiments are conducted with a time-dependent, 360 deg computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of the complete turbine stage with a rim seal and cavity to increase understanding of the rim seal ingestion physics. The turbine stage has 22 vanes and 28 blades and is modeled with a uniform flow upstream of the vane inlet, a pressure condition downstream of the blades, and three coolant flow conditions previously employed during experiments at Arizona State University. The simulations show the pressure fields downstream of the vanes and upstream of the blades interacting to form a complex pressure pattern above the rim seal. Circumferential distributions of 15 to 17 sets of ingress and egress velocities flow through the rim seal at the two modest coolant flow rate conditions. These flow distributions rotate at approximately wheel speed and are not equal to the numbers of blades or vanes. The seal velocity distribution for a high coolant flow rate with little or no ingestion into the stator wall boundary layer is associated with the blade pressure field. These pressure field characteristics and the rim seal ingress/egress pattern provide new insight to the physics of rim seal ingestion. Flow patterns within the rim cavity have large cells that rotate in the wheel direction at a slightly slower speed. These secondary flows are similar to structures noted in previous a 360 deg model and large sector models but not obtained in a single blade or vane sector model with periodic boundary condition at sector boundaries. The predictions of pressure profiles, sealing effectiveness, and cavity velocity components are compared with experimental data.
Rim Seal Ingestion in a Turbine Stage From 360 Degree Time-Dependent Numerical Simulations
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received March 1, 2013; final manuscript received May 16, 2013; published online September 26, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.
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Wang, C., Mathiyalagan, S. P., Johnson, B. V., Glahn, J. A., and Cloud, D. F. (September 26, 2013). "Rim Seal Ingestion in a Turbine Stage From 360 Degree Time-Dependent Numerical Simulations." ASME. J. Turbomach. March 2014; 136(3): 031007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024684
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