The spoiling effects of rim seal flow are studied at the Large Scale Turbine Rig (LSTR) at Technische Universität Darmstadt. Detailed flow field measurements and efficiency measurements were performed for various ingress and egress setups and will be presented in this paper. Efficiency measurements show an efficiency decrease as the rim seal mass flow is increased. Five hole probe measurements upstream and downstream of the second stator row show that an increasing rim seal mass flow leads to an increased pressure loss across the stator, to altered incidence angles and to an intensification of secondary flow structures within the lower 50% span. Static pressure taps at the stator profile primarily show altered aerodynamic loading with increased rim seal air. In addition, the end wall profile pressure was measured at the stator 2 hub. It can be seen that seal air injection causes increased pressure fluctuations on the platform. Temperature measurements with a temperature difference between rim seal and main annulus flow show that rim seal air primarily enters the passage vortex.
Experimental Analysis of the Interaction Between Rim Seal and Main Annulus Flow in a Low Pressure Two Stage Axial Turbine
Department of Gas Turbines and
Technische Universität Darmstadt,
Manuscript received August 24, 2012; final manuscript received October 19, 2012; published online June 24, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.
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Schrewe, S., Werschnik, H., and Schiffer, H. (June 24, 2013). "Experimental Analysis of the Interaction Between Rim Seal and Main Annulus Flow in a Low Pressure Two Stage Axial Turbine." ASME. J. Turbomach. September 2013; 135(5): 051003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4023015
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