The flow in turbomachines is highly unsteady. Effects like vortices, flow separation, and shocks are an inevitable part of the turbomachinery flow. Furthermore, high blade aspect ratios, aerodynamically highly loaded and thin profiles increase the blade sensitivity to vibrations. According to the importance of aeroelasticity in turbomachines, new strategies for experimental studies in rotating machines must be developed. A basic requirement for aeroelastic research in rotating machines is to be able to excite the rotor blades in a defined manner. Approaches for active blade excitation in running machines may be piezoelectric elements, magnetism, or acoustics. Contact-free excitation methods are preferred, since additional mistuning is brought into the investigated system otherwise. A very promising method for aeroelastic research is the noncontact acoustic excitation method. In this paper, investigations on the influence of an annular cascade flow on the blade vibration, excited by an acoustic excitation system, are presented for the first time. These investigations are carried out at the Aeroelastic Test Rig of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. By varying the excitation angle, the outlet Mach number, and the relative position of the excited blade to the excitation system, the influence of the flow on the acoustic excitation is quantified. The results show that there is a strong dependency of the excited vibration amplitude on the excitation angle if the outlet Mach number is increased, which implies that preferable excitation directions exist. Furthermore, it is shown that a benefit up to 23% in terms of excited vibration amplitude can be reached if the flow velocity is raised.
Impact of the Flow on an Acoustic Excitation System for Aeroelastic Studies
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the Journal of Turbomachinery. Manuscript received July 12, 2012; final manuscript received August 1, 2012; published online March 25, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.The content of this paper is copyrighted by Siemens Energy, Inc. and is licensed to ASME for publication and distribution only. Any inquiries regarding permission to use the content of this paper, in whole or in part, for any purpose must be addressed to Siemens Energy, Inc. directly.
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Freund, O., Bartelt, M., Mittelbach, M., Montgomery, M., Vogt, D. M., and Seume, J. R. (March 25, 2013). "Impact of the Flow on an Acoustic Excitation System for Aeroelastic Studies." ASME. J. Turbomach. May 2013; 135(3): 031033. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007511
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