During the last decades, riblets have shown a potential for viscous drag reduction in turbulent boundary layers. Several investigations and measurements of skin-friction in the boundary layer over flat plates and on turbomachinery-type blades with ideal riblet geometry have been reported in the literature. The question of where riblets must be applied on the surface of a compressor blade is still not sufficiently answered. In a first step, the profile loss reduction by ideal triangular riblets with a trapezoidal groove and a constant geometry along the surface on the suction and pressure sides of a compressor blade is investigated. The results show a higher potential on the profile loss reduction by riblets on the suction side. In a second step, the effect of laser-structured ribs on the laminar separation bubble and the influence of these structures on the laminar boundary layer near the leading edge are investigated. After clarifying the best choices where riblets should be applied on the blade surface, a strategy for locally adapted riblets is presented. The suction side of a compressor blade is laser-structured with segmented riblets with a constant geometry in each segment. The measured profile loss reduction shows the increasing effect on the profile loss reduction of this locally adapted structure compared to a constant riblet-geometry along the surface. Furthermore, the particle deposition on a riblet-structured compressor blade is investigated and compared to the particle deposition on a smooth surface. Results show a primary particle deposition on the riblet tips followed by an agglomeration. The particle deposition on the smooth surface is stochastic.
Optimal Application of Riblets on Compressor Blades and Their Contamination Behavior
Contributed by International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received July 21, 2011; final manuscript received August 30, 2011; published online October 31, 2012. Editor: David Wisler.
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Lietmeyer, C., Oehlert, K., and Seume, J. R. (October 31, 2012). "Optimal Application of Riblets on Compressor Blades and Their Contamination Behavior." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2013; 135(1): 011036. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4006518
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