Tests on a specifically designed linear nozzle guide vane cascade with trailing edge coolant ejection were carried out to investigate the influence of trailing edge bleeding on both aerodynamic and thermal performance. The cascade is composed of six vanes with a profile typical of a high pressure turbine stage. The trailing edge cooling features a pressure side cutback with film cooling slots, stiffened by evenly spaced ribs in an inline configuration. Cooling air is ejected not only through the slots but also through two rows of cooling holes placed on the pressure side, upstream of the cutback. The cascade was tested for different isentropic exit Mach numbers, ranging from M2is = 0.2 to M2is = 0.6, while varying the coolant to mainstream mass flow ratio MFR up to 2.8%. The momentum boundary layer behavior at a location close to the trailing edge, on the pressure side, was assessed by means of laser Doppler measurements. Cases with and without coolant ejection allowed us to identify the contribution of the coolant to the off the wall velocity profile. Thermochromic liquid crystals (TLC) were used to map the adiabatic film cooling effectiveness on the pressure side cooled region. As expected, the cutback effect on cooling effectiveness, compared to the other cooling rows, was dominant.
Pressure Side and Cutback Trailing Edge Film Cooling in a Linear Nozzle Vane Cascade at Different Mach Numbers
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Barigozzi, G., Perdichizzi, A., and Ravelli, S. (June 5, 2012). "Pressure Side and Cutback Trailing Edge Film Cooling in a Linear Nozzle Vane Cascade at Different Mach Numbers." ASME. J. Turbomach. September 2012; 134(5): 051037. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004825
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