In the present study, a two-pass internal cooling channel with engine-similar cross-sections was investigated numerically. The channel featured a trapezoidal inlet pass, a sharp 180 deg bend, and a nearly rectangular outlet pass. Calculations were done for a configuration with smooth walls and walls equipped with 45 deg skewed ribs (P/e=10,e/dh=0.1) at a Reynolds number of Re=50,000. The present study focused on the effect of rotation on fluid flow and heat transfer. The investigated rotation numbers were Ro=0.0 and 0.10. The computations were performed by solving the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations (Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes method) with the commercial finite-volume solver FLUENT using a low-Re shear stress transport (SST) k-ω turbulence model. The numerical grids were block-structured hexahedral meshes generated with POINTWISE. Flow field measurements were independently performed at German Aerospace Centre Cologne using particle image velocimetry. In the smooth channel, rotation had a large impact on secondary flows. Especially, rotation induced vortices completely changed the flow field. Rotation also changed flow impingement on the tip and the outlet pass sidewall. Heat transfer in the outlet pass was strongly altered by rotation. In contrast to the smooth channel, rotation showed less influence on heat transfer in the ribbed channel. This is due to a strong secondary flow field induced by the ribs. However, in the outlet pass, Coriolis forces markedly affected the rib induced secondary flow field. The influence of rotation on heat transfer was visible in particular in the bend region and in the second pass directly downstream of the bend.

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