Demands for improved performance and operability of advanced propulsion systems require an understanding of the physics of inlet flow distortion transfer and generation and the subsequent engine response. This also includes developing a high-fidelity characterization capability and suitable tools/rules for the design of distortion tolerant engines. This paper describes efforts to establish a high-fidelity prediction capability of distortion transfer and fan response via high-performance computing. The current CFD capability was evaluated with a focus of predicting the transfer of prescribed inlet flow distortions. Numerical simulations, comparison to experimental data, and analysis of two selected three-stage fans are presented. The unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) code PTURBO demonstrated remarkable agreement with data, accurately capturing both the magnitude and profile of total pressure and total temperature measurements. Part I of this paper describes the establishment of the required numerical simulation procedures. The computational domains are limited to the first three blade rows for the first multistage fan and the last three blade rows for the second fan. This paper presents initial validation and analysis of the total pressure distortion transfer and the total temperature distortion generation. Based on the established ground work of Part I, the entire two multistage fans were simulated with inlet distortion at normal operating condition and near stall condition, which is Part II of this paper. Part II presents the full range validation against engine test data and in-depth analysis of distortion transfer and generation mechanisms throughout the two fans.
High-Fidelity Numerical Analysis of Per-Rev-Type Inlet Distortion Transfer in Multistage Fans—Part I: Simulations With Selected Blade Rows
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Yao, J., Gorrell, S. E., and Wadia, A. R. (May 6, 2010). "High-Fidelity Numerical Analysis of Per-Rev-Type Inlet Distortion Transfer in Multistage Fans—Part I: Simulations With Selected Blade Rows." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2010; 132(4): 041014. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3148478
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