The main contributor to the high cycle fatigue of compressor blades is the response to aerodynamic forcing functions generated by an upstream row of stators or inlet guide vanes. Resonant response to engine order excitation at certain rotor speeds can be especially damaging. Studies have shown that flow control by trailing edge blowing (TEB) can reduce stator wake strength and the amplitude of the downstream rotor blade vibrations generated by the unsteady stator-rotor interaction. In the present study, the effectiveness of TEB to reduce forced fan blade vibrations was evaluated in a modern single-stage transonic fan rig. Data were collected for multiple uniform full-span TEB conditions over a range of rotor speeds including multiple modal resonance crossings. Resonant response sensitivity was generally characterized by a robust region of strong attenuation. The baseline resonant amplitude of the first torsion mode, which exceeded the endurance limit on the critical blade, was reduced by more than 80% with TEB at 1.0% of the total rig flow. The technique was also found to be modally robust; similar reductions were achieved for all tested modal crossings, including more than 90% reduction in the second leading-edge bending response using 0.7% of the rig flow.
Experimental Reduction of Transonic Fan Forced Response by Inlet Guide Vane Flow Control
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Bailie, S. T., Ng, W. F., and Copenhaver, W. W. (December 31, 2009). "Experimental Reduction of Transonic Fan Forced Response by Inlet Guide Vane Flow Control." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2010; 132(2): 021003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3140823
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