In our previous work on ultralow-aspect ratio transonic turbine inlet guide vanes (IGVs) for a small turbofan engine (Hasenjäger et al., 2005, “Three Dimensional Aerodynamic Optimization for an Ultra-Low Aspect Ratio Transonic Turbine Stator Blade,” ASME Paper No. GT2005-68680), we used numerical stochastic design optimization to propose the new design concept of an extremely aft-loaded airfoil to improve the difficult-to-control aerodynamic loss. At the same time, it is well known that end wall contouring is an effective method for reducing the secondary flow loss. In the literature, both “axisymmetric” and “nonaxisymmetric” end wall geometries have been suggested. Almost all of these geometric variations have been based on the expertise of the turbine designer. In our current work, we employed a stochastic optimization method—the evolution strategy—to optimize and analyze the effect of the axisymmetric end wall contouring on the IGV’s performance. In the optimization, the design of the end wall contour was divided into three different approaches: (1) only hub contour, (2) only tip contour, and (3) hub and tip contour, together with the possibility to observe the correlation between hub/tip changes with regard to their joint influence on the pressure loss. Furthermore, three-dimensional flow mechanisms, related to a secondary flow near the end wall region in the low-aspect ratio transonic turbine IGV, was investigated, based on the above optimization results. A design concept and secondary flow characteristics for the low-aspect ratio full annular transonic turbine IGV is discussed in this paper.

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