The design of a three-dimensional nonaxisymmetric end wall is carried out using three-dimensional numerical simulations. The computations have been conducted both for the flat and contoured end walls. The performance of the end wall is evaluated by comparing the heat transfer and total pressure loss reduction. The contouring is done in such a way to have convex curvature in the pressure side and concave surface in the suction side. The convex surface increases the velocity by reducing the local static pressure, while the concave surface decreases the velocity by increasing the local pressure. The profiling of the end wall is done by combining two curves, one that varies in the streamwise direction, while the other varies in the pitchwise direction. Several contoured end walls are created by varying the streamwise variation while keeping the pitchwise curve constant. The flow near the contoured end wall is seen to be significantly different from that near the flat end wall. The contoured end wall is found to reduce the secondary flow by decreasing radial pressure gradient. The total pressure loss is also lower and the average heat transfer reduces by about 8% compared to the flat end wall. Local reductions in heat transfer are significant (factor of 3). This study demonstrates the potential of three-dimensional end-wall contouring for reducing the thermal loading on the end wall.
Computations of Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer Through a Three-Dimensional Nonaxisymmetric Blade Passage
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Saha, A. K., and Acharya, S. (May 2, 2008). "Computations of Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer Through a Three-Dimensional Nonaxisymmetric Blade Passage." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2008; 130(3): 031008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2776952
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