A computational study is carried out to understand the physical mechanism responsible for the improvement in stall margin of an axial flow rotor due to the circumferential casing grooves. Computational fluid dynamics simulations show an increase in operating range of the low speed rotor in the presence of casing grooves. A budget of the axial momentum equation is carried out at the rotor casing in the tip gap in order to understand the physical process behind this stall margin improvement. It is shown that for the smooth casing the net axial pressure force at the rotor casing in the tip gap is balanced by the net axial shear stress force. However, for the grooved casing the net axial shear stress force acting at the casing is augmented by the axial force due to the radial transport of axial momentum, which occurs across the grooves and power stream interface. This additional force adds to the net axial viscous shear force and thus leads to an increase in the stall margin of the rotor.
Flow Mechanism for Stall Margin Improvement due to Circumferential Casing Grooves on Axial Compressors
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Shabbir, A., and Adamczyk, J. J. (March 1, 2004). "Flow Mechanism for Stall Margin Improvement due to Circumferential Casing Grooves on Axial Compressors." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2005; 127(4): 708–717. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2008970
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