This paper presents two-dimensional LDA measurements of the convection of a wake through a low-pressure turbine cascade. Previous studies have shown the wake convection to be kinematic, but have not provided details of the turbulent field. The spatial resolution of these measurements has facilitated the calculation of the production of turbulent kinetic energy, and this has revealed a mechanism for turbulence production as the wake convects through the blade row. The measured ensemble-averaged velocity field confirmed the previously reported kinematics of wake convection while the measurements of the turbulence quantities showed the wake fluid to be characterized by elevated levels of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) and to have an anisotropic structure. Based on the measured mean and turbulence quantities, the production of turbulent kinetic energy was calculated. This highlighted a TKE production mechanism that resulted in increased levels of turbulence over the rear suction surface where boundary-layer transition occurs. The turbulence production mechanism within the blade row was also observed to produce more anisotropic turbulence. Production occurs when the principal stresses within the wake are aligned with the mean strains. This coincides with the maximum distortion of the wake within the blade passage and provides a mechanism for the production of turbulence outside of the boundary layer.
The Unsteady Development of a Turbulent Wake Through a Downstream Low-Pressure Turbine Blade Passage
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, June 13–17, 2004, Paper No. 2004-GT-53061. Manuscript received by IGTI, October 1, 2003; final revision, March 1, 2004. IGTI Review Chair: A. J. Strazisar.
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Stieger, R. D., and Hodson, H. P. (May 5, 2005). "The Unsteady Development of a Turbulent Wake Through a Downstream Low-Pressure Turbine Blade Passage ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2005; 127(2): 388–394. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1811094
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