The clearance gap between the tip of a turbine blade and the shroud has an inherent leakage flow from the pressure side to the suction side of the blade. This leakage flow of combustion gas and air mixtures leads to severe heat transfer rates on the blade tip of the high-pressure turbine. As the thermal load to the blade increases, blade alloy oxidation and erosion rates increase thereby adversely affecting component life. The subject of this paper is the cooling effectiveness levels and heat transfer coefficients that result from blowing through two holes placed in the forward region of a blade tip. These holes are referred to as dirt purge holes and are generally required for manufacturing purposes and expelling dirt from the coolant flow when operating in sandy environments. Experiments were performed in a linear blade cascade for two tip-gap heights over a range of blowing ratios. Results indicated that the cooling effectiveness was highly dependent on the tip-gap clearance with better cooling achieved at smaller clearances. Also, heat transfer was found to increase with blowing. In considering an overall benefit of cooling from the dirt purge blowing, a large benefit was realized for a smaller tip gap as compared with a larger tip gap.
Measured Adiabatic Effectiveness and Heat Transfer for Blowing From the Tip of a Turbine Blade
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, June 13–17, 2004, Paper No. 2004-GT-53250. Manuscript received by IGTI, October 1, 2003; final revision, March 1, 2004. IGTI Review Chair: A. J. Strazisar.
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Christophel , J. R., Couch , E., Thole, K. A., and Cunha, F. J. (May 5, 2005). "Measured Adiabatic Effectiveness and Heat Transfer for Blowing From the Tip of a Turbine Blade ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2005; 127(2): 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1811095
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