In film cooling situations, there is a need to determine both local adiabatic wall temperature and heat transfer coefficient to fully assess the local heat flux into the surface. Typical film cooling situations are termed three temperature problems where the complex interaction between the jets and mainstream dictates the surface temperature. The coolant temperature is much cooler than the mainstream resulting in a mixed temperature in the film region downstream of injection. An infrared thermography technique using a transient surface temperature acquisition is described which determines both the heat transfer coefficient and film effectiveness (nondimensional adiabatic wall temperature) from a single test. Hot mainstream and cooler air injected through discrete holes are imposed suddenly on an ambient temperature surface and the wall temperature response is captured using infrared thermography. The wall temperature and the known mainstream and coolant temperatures are used to determine the two unknowns (the heat transfer coefficient and film effectiveness) at every point on the test surface. The advantage of this technique over existing techniques is the ability to obtain the information using a single transient test. Transient liquid crystal techniques have been one of the standard techniques for determining and η for turbine film cooling for several years. Liquid crystal techniques do not account for nonuniform initial model temperatures while the transient IR technique measures the entire initial model distribution. The transient liquid crystal technique is very sensitive to the angle of illumination and view while the IR technique is not. The IR technique is more robust in being able to take measurements over a wider temperature range which improves the accuracy of and η. The IR requires less intensive calibration than liquid crystal techniques. Results are presented for film cooling downstream of a single hole on a turbine blade leading edge model.
A Transient Infrared Thermography Method for Simultaneous Film Cooling Effectiveness and Heat Transfer Coefficient Measurements From a Single Test
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Vienna, Austria, June 13–17, 2004. Paper No. 2004-GT-54236. Manuscript received by IGTI, October 1, 2003; final revision, March 1, 2004. IGTI Review Chair: A. J. Strazisar.
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Ekkad, S. V., Ou , S., and Rivir, R. B. (December 29, 2004). "A Transient Infrared Thermography Method for Simultaneous Film Cooling Effectiveness and Heat Transfer Coefficient Measurements From a Single Test ." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2004; 126(4): 597–603. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1791283
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