Spatially resolved Nusselt numbers, spatially averaged Nusselt numbers, and friction factors are presented for a stationary channel with an aspect ratio of 4 and angled rib turbulators inclined at 45 deg with perpendicular orientations on two opposite surfaces. Results are given at different Reynolds numbers based on channel height from 10,000 to 83,700. The ratio of rib height to hydraulic diameter is .078, the rib pitch-to-height ratio is 10, and the blockage provided by the ribs is 25% of the channel cross-sectional area. Nusselt numbers are given both with and without three-dimensional conduction considered within the acrylic test surface. In both cases, spatially resolved local Nusselt numbers are highest on tops of the rib turbulators, with lower magnitudes on flat surfaces between the ribs, where regions of flow separation and shear layer reattachment have pronounced influences on local surface heat transfer behavior. The augmented local and spatially averaged Nusselt number ratios (rib turbulator Nusselt numbers normalized by values measured in a smooth channel) vary locally on the rib tops as Reynolds number increases. Nusselt number ratios decrease on the flat regions away from the ribs, especially at locations just downstream of the ribs, as Reynolds number increases. When adjusted to account for conduction along and within the test surface, Nusselt number ratios show different quantitative variations (with location along the test surface), compared to variations when no conduction is included. Changes include: (i) decreased local Nusselt number ratios along the central part of each rib top surface as heat transfer from the sides of each rib becomes larger, and (ii) Nusselt number ratio decreases near corners, where each rib joins the flat part of the test surface, especially on the downstream side of each rib. With no conduction along and within the test surface (and variable heat flux assumed into the air stream), globally-averaged Nusselt number ratios vary from 2.92 to 1.64 as Reynolds number increases from 10,000 to 83,700. Corresponding thermal performance parameters also decrease as Reynolds number increases over this range, with values in approximate agreement with data measured by other investigators in a square channel also with 45 deg oriented ribs.
Spatially Resolved Heat Transfer and Friction Factors in a Rectangular Channel With 45-Deg Angled Crossed-Rib Turbulators
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002. Manuscript received by the IGTI October 24, 2001. Paper No. 2002-GT-30215. Review Chair: E. Benvenuti.
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Ligrani , P. M., and Mahmood, G. I. (August 27, 2003). "Spatially Resolved Heat Transfer and Friction Factors in a Rectangular Channel With 45-Deg Angled Crossed-Rib Turbulators ." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2003; 125(3): 575–584. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1565353
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