Film-cooling was the subject of numerous studies during the past decades. However, the effect of flow conditions on the entry side of the film-cooling hole on film-cooling performance has surprisingly not received much attention. A stagnant plenum which is widely used in experimental and numerical studies to feed the holes is not necessarily a right means to re-present real engine conditions. For this reason, the present paper reports on an experimental study investigating the effect of a coolant crossflow feeding the holes that is oriented perpendicular to the hot gas flow direction to model a flow situation that is, for instance, of common use in modern turbine blades’ cooling schemes. A comprehensive set of experiments was performed to evaluate the effect of perpendicular coolant supply direction on film-cooling effectiveness over a wide range of blowing ratios () and coolant crossflow Mach numbers The coolant-to-hot gas density ratio, however, was kept constant at 1.85 which can be assumed to be representative for typical gas turbine applications. Three different hole geometries, including a cylindrical hole as well as two holes with expanded exits, were considered. Particularly, two-dimensional distributions of local film-cooling effectiveness acquired by means of an infrared camera system were used to give detailed insight into the governing flow phenomena. The results of the present investigation show that there is a profound effect of how the coolant is supplied to the hole on the film-cooling performance in the near hole region. Therefore, crossflow at the hole entry side has be taken into account when modeling film-cooling schemes of turbine bladings.
Effect of Internal Coolant Crossflow on the Effectiveness of Shaped Film-Cooling Holes
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 33rd National Heat Transfer Conference, Albuquerque, NM, August 15–17, 1999. Manuscript received by the IGTI 1999; revised manuscript received March 4, 2003. Paper No. NHTC99-8. Associate Editor: R. Bunker.
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Gritsch, M., Schulz , A., and Wittig, S. (August 27, 2003). "Effect of Internal Coolant Crossflow on the Effectiveness of Shaped Film-Cooling Holes ." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2003; 125(3): 547–554. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1580523
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