A strategy has been developed to model the three-dimensional unsteady flows through turbomachines subject to nonaxisymmetric flow/geometrical conditions such as low order distortions with relatively long length-scale unsteadiness, by modeling the viscous effects as local source terms for a coarse computational mesh, but not calculating them directly. In general full annulus multi-row calculations are required for such flows, but currently the computational resources are devoted to resolving detailed viscous flow very close to the walls, which in some cases is not the center of concern. By avoiding resolving detailed viscous effects the model can accelerate the calculation by at least two orders of magnitude. The method has been illustrated to be able to resolve disturbances down to the blade passing frequency and give good estimates of overall unsteady blade forces due to blade row interactions. Obviously, the correct modeling of the viscous body force as source terms in the governing equations is the key for accuracy of such calculations. Different ways of constructing/approximating the viscous body force term are discussed and their adequacy in unsteady flow calculations is assessed. It is found that in general the viscous force is relatively small compared to the total blade force, even smaller the unsteady fluctuation of the viscous force and a simple drag coefficient model is quite adequate to model both time mean and dynamic viscous effects. However, for the cases when separations are present variations in the drag coefficient may become large and more detailed modeling may be required.
Assessing Viscous Body Forces for Unsteady Calculations
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002. Manuscript received by the IGTI January 2002; revised manuscript received November 12, 2002. Paper No. 2002-GT-30359. Review Chair: E. Benvenuti.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Cite Icon Cite
- Search Site
Xu, L. (August 27, 2003). "Assessing Viscous Body Forces for Unsteady Calculations ." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2003; 125(3): 425–432. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1574823
Download citation file:
- Ris (Zotero)
- Reference Manager