An experimental investigation on the influence of stator rub-grooves on labyrinth seal leakage is presented in the present paper. In current labyrinth seal designs, abradable lands allow the rotor labyrinth teeth to rub grooves into the stator. These rub-grooves have a large influence on the seal leakage characteristic and impair the overall engine efficiency. To improve the understanding of rub-groove effects, discharge coefficients were determined using a plain nonrotating labyrinth seal model of scale 4:1 considering a wide variation of rub-groove geometries at different seal clearances. Three labyrinth seal types were covered in this investigation that are generally used in gas turbines, namely 1) straight-through labyrinth seals, 2) stepped labyrinth seals with forward facing steps, and 3) stepped labyrinth seals with backward facing steps. To attain a deeper insight into the flow mechanisms, water-channel visualizations were performed. The large data set generated in this study, provides the basis to analyze and quantify the influence of rub-grooves on the seal leakage for the three aforementioned labyrinth seal types. Current results were in agreement with previous studies on worn labyrinth seals for several seal geometries.
Influence of Rub-Grooves on Labyrinth Seal Leakage
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002. Manuscript received by the IGTI October 15, 2001. Paper No. 2002-GT-30244. Review Chair: E. Benvenuti.
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Denecke, J., Schramm , V., Kim , S., and Wittig, S. (April 23, 2003). "Influence of Rub-Grooves on Labyrinth Seal Leakage ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2003; 125(2): 387–393. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1539516
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