This paper describes the time-varying aerodynamic interaction mechanisms that have been observed within a transonic high-pressure turbine stage; these are inferred from the time-resolved behavior of the rotor exit flow field. It contains results both from an experimental program in a turbine test facility and from numerical predictions. Experimental data was acquired using a fast-response aerodynamic probe capable of measuring Mach number, whirl angle, pitch angle, total pressure, and static pressure. A 3-D time-unsteady viscous Navier-Stokes solver was used for the numerical predictions. The unsteady rotor exit flowfield is formed from a combination of four flow phenomena: the rotor wake, the rotor trailing edge recompression shock, the tip-leakage flow, and the hub secondary flow. This paper describes the time-resolved behavior of each phenomenon and discusses the interaction mechanisms from which each originates. Two significant vane periodic changes (equivalent to a time-varying flow in the frame of reference of the rotor) in the rotor exit flowfield are identified. The first is a severe vane periodic fluctuation in flow conditions close to the hub wall and the second is a smaller vane periodic fluctuation occurring at equal strength over the entire blade span. These two regions of periodically varying flow are shown to be caused by two groups of interaction mechanisms. The first is thought to be caused by the interaction between the wake and secondary flow of the vane with the downstream rotor; and the second is thought to be caused by a combination of the interaction of the vane trailing edge recompression shock with the rotor, and the interaction between the vane and rotor potential fields.
Time-Resolved Vane-Rotor Interaction in a High-Pressure Turbine Stage
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute for publication in the JOURNAL OF TURBOMACHINERY. Manuscript received by the IGTI, June 20, 2000; revised manuscript received May 16, 2002. Associate Editor: S. Sjolander.
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Miller, R. J., Moss, R. W., Ainsworth, R. W., and Horwood, C. K. (January 23, 2003). "Time-Resolved Vane-Rotor Interaction in a High-Pressure Turbine Stage ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2003; 125(1): 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1492823
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