The paper presents recent trends in modeling jets in crossflow with relevance to film cooling of turbine blades. The aim is to compare two classes of turbulence models with respect to their predictive performance in reproducing near-wall flow physics and heat transfer. The study focuses on anisotropic eddy-viscosity/diffusivity models and explicit algebraic stress models, up to cubic fragments of strain and vorticity tensors. The first class of models are direct numerical simulation (DNS) based two-layer approaches transcending the conventional model by means of a nonisotropic representation of the turbulent transport coefficients; this is employed in connection with a near-wall one-equation model resolving the semi-viscous sublayer. The aspects of this new strategy are based on known channel-flow and boundary layer DNS statistics. The other class of models are quadratic and cubic explicit algebraic stress formulations rigorously derived from second-moment closures. The stress-strain relations are solved in the context of a two-layer strategy resolving the near-wall region by means of a nonlinear one-equation model; the outer core flow is treated by use of the two-equation model. The models are tested for the film cooling of a flat plate by a row of streamwise injected jets. Comparison of the calculated and measured wall-temperature distributions shows that only the anisotropic eddy-viscosity/diffusivity model can correctly predict the spanwise spreading of the temperature field and reduce the strength of the secondary vortices. The wall-cooling effectiveness was found to essentially depend on these two particular flow features. The non-linear algebraic stress models were of a mixed quality in film-cooling calculations.
Perspectives in Modeling Film Cooling of Turbine Blades by Transcending Conventional Two-Equation Turbulence Models
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, New York, NY, November 11–16, 2001, of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the IGTI, September 2001; revised manuscript received April 15, 2002. Associate Editor: R. S. Bunker.
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Azzi, A., and Lakehal, D. (July 10, 2002). "Perspectives in Modeling Film Cooling of Turbine Blades by Transcending Conventional Two-Equation Turbulence Models ." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2002; 124(3): 472–484. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1485294
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