The LM2500+ gas turbine, rated between 39,000–40,200 shaft horsepower (shp), was introduced for field service in 1998. This growth aero-derivative gas turbine is suitable for a variety of power generation applications, such as co-generation and combined cycle, as well as mechanical drive applications. At the heart of the LM2500+ 25% power increase is an up-rated derivative 17-stage axial compressor. This paper describes the aerodynamic design and development of this high-pressure ratio single-spool compressor for the LM2500+ gas turbine. The compressor is derived by zero-staging the highly efficient and reliable LM2500 compressor to increase the flow by 23% at a pressure ratio of 23.3:1. The aerodynamic efficiency of the compressor is further improved by using three-dimensional, custom-tailored airfoil designs similar to those used in the CF6-80C2 high-pressure compressor. The compressor achieved a peak polytropic efficiency above 91%, meeting all its operability objectives. The technical requirements and overall aerodynamic design features of the compressor are presented first. Next, the zero stage match point selection is described and the procedure used to set up the vector diagrams using a through-flow code with secondary flow and mixing is outlined. Detailed design results for the new transonic airfoils in the compressor using three-dimensional viscous analysis are presented. The compressor instrumentation and performance test results are discussed. The performance of the zero stage is separated from that of the baseline compressor with the CF6-80C2 airfoils to show the improvement in efficiency with the new airfoils.
Aerodynamic Design and Testing of an Axial Flow Compressor With Pressure Ratio of 23.3:1 for the LM2500+ Gas Turbine
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Indianapolis, Indiana, June 6–9, 1999. Manuscript received by the IGTI, January 1999; revised manuscript received January 24, 2002. Paper No. 1999-GT-210. Review Chair: D. Wisler.
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Wadia, A. R., Wolf , D. P., and Haaser, F. G. (July 10, 2002). "Aerodynamic Design and Testing of an Axial Flow Compressor With Pressure Ratio of 23.3:1 for the LM2500+ Gas Turbine ." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2002; 124(3): 331–340. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1464562
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