Two-dimensional unsteady Navier–Stokes calculations of a transonic single-stage high-pressure turbine were carried out with emphasis on the flow field behind the rotor. Detailed validation of the numerical procedure with experimental data showed excellent agreement in both time-averaged and time-resolved flow quantities. The numerical timestep as well as the grid resolution allowed the prediction of the Ka´rma´n vortex streets of both stator and rotor. Therefore, the influence of the vorticity shed from the stator on the vortex street of the rotor is detectable. It was found that certain vortices in the rotor wake are enhanced while others are diminished by passing stator wake segments. A schematic of this process is presented. In the relative frame of reference, the rotor is operating in a transonic flow field with shocks at the suction side trailing edge. These shocks interact with both rotor and stator wakes. It was found that a shock modulation occurs in time and space due to the stator wake passing. In the absolute frame of reference behind the rotor, a 50-percent variation in shock strength is observed according to the circumferential or clocking position. Furthermore, a substantial weakening of the rotor suction side trailing edge shock in flow direction is detected in an unsteady flow simulation when compared to a steady-state calculation, which is caused by convection of upstream stator wake segments. The physics of the aforementioned unsteady phenomena as well as their influence on design are discussed.
Wake–Wake Interaction and Its Potential for Clocking in a Transonic High-Pressure Turbine
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 46th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 4–7, 2001. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2001. Paper No. 2001-GT-302. Review Chair: R. Natole.
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Hummel, F. (February 1, 2001). "Wake–Wake Interaction and Its Potential for Clocking in a Transonic High-Pressure Turbine ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2002; 124(1): 69–76. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1415036
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