Experiments are conducted to investigate the effects of bulk flow pulsations on film cooling from compound angle holes. A row of five film cooling holes is employed with orientation angles of 0, 30, 60, and 90 deg at a fixed inclination angle of 35 deg. Static pressure pulsations are generated using an array of six rotating shutter blades, which extend across the span of the exit of the wind tunnel test section. Pulsation frequencies of 0 Hz, 8 Hz, and 36 Hz, and time-averaged blowing ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 are employed. Corresponding coolant Strouhal numbers based on these values then range from 0.20 to 3.6. Spatially resolved surface heat transfer coefficient distributions are measured (with the film and freestream at the same temperature) using thermochromic liquid crystals. Presented are ratios of surface heat transfer coefficients with and without film cooling, as well as ratios of surface heat flux with and without film cooling. These results, for compound angle injection, indicate that the pulsations cause the film to be spread more uniformly over the test surface than when no pulsations are employed. This is because the pulsations cause the film from compound angle holes to oscillate in both the normal and spanwise directions after it leaves the holes. As a result, the pulsations produce important changes to spatially resolved distributions of surface heat flux ratios, and surface heat transfer coefficient ratios. In spite of these alterations, only small changes to spatially averaged heat transfer coefficient ratios are produced by the pulsations. Spatially averaged surface heat flux ratios, on the other hand, increase considerably at coolant Strouhal numbers larger than unity, with higher rates of increase at larger orientation angles.
Effects of Bulk Flow Pulsations on Film Cooling With Compound Angle Holes: Heat Transfer Coefficient Ratio and Heat Flux Ratio
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 46th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 4–7, 2001. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2001. Paper No. 2001-GT-129. Review Chair: R. Natole.
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Jung, I. S., Lee, J. S., and Ligrani, P. M. (February 1, 2001). "Effects of Bulk Flow Pulsations on Film Cooling With Compound Angle Holes: Heat Transfer Coefficient Ratio and Heat Flux Ratio ." ASME. J. Turbomach. January 2002; 124(1): 142–151. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1400110
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