An experimental study has been conducted to investigate the heat/mass transfer characteristics within film cooling holes of square and rectangular cross section. The experiments for this study have been performed using a naphthalene sublimation method, and the flow field has been analyzed by numerical calculation using a commercial code (FLUENT). The rectangular cross section has the aspect ratio of 2 and the same hydraulic diameter as the square cross section. A duct flow enters into a film cooling hole in a cross direction. For the film cooling hole with square cross section, it is observed that the reattachment of separated flow and the vortices within the hole enhance considerably the heat/mass transfer around the hole entrance region. The heat/mass transfer on the leading edge side of hole exit region increases as the blowing rates decrease because the mainflow induces a secondary vortex. Heat/mass transfer patterns within the film cooling hole are changed slightly with the various Reynolds numbers. For the film cooling hole with rectangular cross section, overall heat/mass transfer characteristics are similar with those for the square cross section. However, heat/mass transfer on the leading edge side of hole entrance region has two peak regions due to split flow reattachment, and heat/mass transfer on the leading edge side of hole exit region is less sensitive to the blowing ratios than the square cross-sectional case.
Heat/Mass Transfer Measurement Within a Film Cooling Hole of Square and Rectangular Cross Section
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 46th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 4–7, 2001. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2001. Paper No. 2001-GT-128. Review Chair: R. Natole.
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Cho, H. H., Kang , S. G., and Rhee, D. H. (February 1, 2001). "Heat/Mass Transfer Measurement Within a Film Cooling Hole of Square and Rectangular Cross Section ." ASME. J. Turbomach. October 2001; 123(4): 806–814. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1400109
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