A parametric study which investigates the influence of viscous effects on the damping behavior of vibrating compressor cascades is presented here. To demonstrate the dependence of unsteady aerodynamic forces on the flow viscosity, a computational study was performed for a transonic compressor cascade of which the blades underwent tuned pitching oscillations while the flow conditions extended from fully subsonic to highly transonic flow. Additionally, the reduced frequency and Reynolds number were varied. In order to check the linear behavior of the aerodynamic forces, all calculations were carried out for three different oscillation amplitudes. Comparisons with inviscid Euler results helped identify the influence of viscous effects. The computations were performed with a Navier-Stokes code, the basic features of which are the use of an AUSM upwind scheme, an implicit time integration, and the implementation of the Baldwin-Lomax turbulence model. In order to demonstrate the possibility of this code to correctly predict the unsteady behavior of strong shock-boundary layer interactions, the experiment of Yamamoto and Tanida on a self-induced shock oscillation due to shock-boundary layer interaction was calculated. A significant improvement in the prediction of the shock amplitude was achieved by a slight modification of the Baldwin Lomax turbulence model. An important result of the presented compressor cascade investigations is that viscous effects may cause a significant change in the aerodynamic damping. This behavior is demonstrated by two cases in which an Euler calculation predicts a damped oscillation whereas a Navier-Stokes computation leads to an excited vibration. It was found that the reason for these contrary results are shock-boundary-layer interactions which dramatically change the aerodynamic damping.
The Impact of Viscous Effects on the Aerodynamic Damping of Vibrating Transonic Compressor Blades—A Numerical Study
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 45th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2000. Paper No. 2000-GT-383. Review Chair: D. Ballal.
Gru¨ber, B., and Carstens, V. (February 1, 2000). "The Impact of Viscous Effects on the Aerodynamic Damping of Vibrating Transonic Compressor Blades—A Numerical Study ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2001; 123(2): 409–417. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1354139
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