Performance calculation procedures for gas turbine engines are usually based on the performance characteristics of the engine components, and especially the turbo components are of major interest. In this paper methods of modelling compressors in gas turbine performance calculations are discussed. The basic methodologies based on Mach number similarity are summarized briefly including some second order effects. Under extreme engine partload conditions, as for example subidle or windmilling, the operating points in the compressor map are located in a region which is usually not covered by rig tests. In addition the parameters usually used in compressor maps are no longer appropriate. For these operating conditions a method is presented to extrapolate compressor maps towards very low spool speed down to the locked rotor. Instead of the efficiency more appropriate parameters as for example specific work or specific torque are suggested. A compressor map prepared with the proposed methods is presented and discussed. As another relevant topic the performance modelling of fans for low bypass ratio turbofans is covered. Due to the flow splitter downstream of such a fan the core and bypass stream may be throttled independently during engine operation and bypass ratio becomes a third independent parameter in the map. Because testing a fan on the rig for various bypass ratios is a very costly task, a simplified method has been developed which accounts for the effects of bypass ratio.
Some Aspects of Modeling Compressor Behavior in Gas Turbine Performance Calculations
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 45th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11 2000. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2000. Paper No. 2000-GT-574. Review Chair: D. Ballal.
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Riegler , C., Bauer , M., and Kurzke, J. (February 1, 2000). "Some Aspects of Modeling Compressor Behavior in Gas Turbine Performance Calculations ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2001; 123(2): 372–378. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1368123
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