Gas turbine blade life is often limited by the effectiveness of the cooling in the trailing edge convective cavity, which generally has a narrow cross-section. Previous research on rotational effects considered cavity shapes quite different from those of typical trailing edge cavities. In this research, experiments were conducted to determine the effect of rotation on heat transfer in ducts of narrow cross-section (height-to-width ratio of 1:10), oriented with the heated sides at 60° to the plane. In the experiment, a high-molecular-weight gas (Refrigerant-134A) at ambient pressure and temperature conditions was used to match the dimensionless parameters at engine conditions. Thin foil heaters were used to produce a constant heat flux at the long sides of the duct; the narrow sides were unheated. Duct Reynolds numbers were varied up to 20,000; rotation numbers were varied up to 0.25. The test results show the effect of rotation and aspect ratio on duct leading and trailing side heat transfer. In addition, the results show the variation in heat transfer coefficient with transverse location in the duct, demonstrating the effect of rotation not only on lead and trail side heat transfer, but also on forward and aft end heat transfer.
Heat Transfer in Rotating Narrow Rectangular Ducts With Heated Sides Oriented at 60° to the Plane
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 45th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2000. Paper No. 2000-GT-224. Review Chair: D. Ballal.
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Willett, F. T., and Bergles, A. E. (February 1, 2000). "Heat Transfer in Rotating Narrow Rectangular Ducts With Heated Sides Oriented at 60° to the Plane ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2001; 123(2): 288–295. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1354189
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